Category: Section 421-a

What is efficiency? said jesting Pilate: Part 3, The judgment

8 February, 2017 (08:00) | Affordability, Apartments, Condominiums, Development, Housing, Incentives, New York City, Real estate taxes, Section 421-a, Speculation, Subsidy, Tax abatement, US News |

  By: David A. Smith   [Continued from yesterday’s Part 2 and the preceding Part 1.]   As we’ve seen in Parts 1 and 2 of this surprisingly long post, seeking to reach a conclusion on the public-policy merits of New York’s section 421a tax abatement program, when applied to large condominium developments, Section 421a […]

What is efficiency? said jesting Pilate: Part 2, The analysis

7 February, 2017 (09:00) | Affordability, Apartments, Condominiums, Development, Housing, Incentives, New York City, Real estate taxes, Section 421-a, Speculation, Subsidy, Tax abatement, US News |

  By: David A. Smith   [Continued from yesterday’s Part 1.]   After all the paired comparisons and the careful quantitative analysis, is Section 421a for condominiums a good program for New York City?   We’re actually twins by different parents   Yesterday’s Part 1, scrutinizing paired-comparison of condo sales throughout New York City over […]

What is efficiency? said jesting Pilate: Part 1, The evidence

6 February, 2017 (09:00) | Affordability, Apartments, Condominiums, Development, Housing, Incentives, New York City, Real estate taxes, Section 421-a, Speculation, Subsidy, Tax abatement, US News |

  By: David A. Smith   Sources used in this post   Crain’s New York (30 January 2017) NYC Independent Budget Office report dated January 30, 2017 (pdf; green Georgia font),   For governments, subsidies exist for only two purposes: charity or incentive.    The 421a program is intended to spur new construction. It is […]

Risks of soft equity when markets seize up: Part 2, the messiness of market crunches

9 June, 2009 (09:59) | Capital markets, Finance, Inclusionary zoning, Local issues, New York City, Real estate taxes, Section 421-a, Soft equity, Tax abatement, Theory, US News |

[Continued from yesterday’s Part 1.]   In yesterday’s post, we got an education into New York City’s clever Section 421-a program, which combines inclusionary zoning with linkage (or did, until the 2007 reforms), creating a transferable certificate that could be sold, and was sold, as illustrated by an intra-developer litigation highlighted in The New York […]

Risks of soft equity when markets seize up: Part 1, the neatness of Section 421-a

8 June, 2009 (09:16) | Capital markets, Finance, Inclusionary zoning, Local issues, New York City, Real estate taxes, Section 421-a, Soft equity, Tax abatement, Theory, US News |

You wouldn’t think that delays in financing a downtown luxury tower would stop in its tracks an affordable property in the Bronx, but such is the nature of sophisticated financial ecosystems that everything can influence everything else.  [As my friend Shekar Narasimhan has pointed out, when Lehman went under, it filed bankruptcy in 56 countries, […]